THE EXISTENCE OF JAVAN TIGER (Panthera tigris sondaica) ON JAVANESE, MADURANESE AND SUNDANESE CULTURE
Wildlife Biologist. Director Peduli Karnivor Jawa. E-mail: email@example.com
Investigation on Javan tiger (Panthera tigris sondaica) has been conducted for more than 12 years, since 1997, throughout Java island. There were many biological evidence has been found such as footprint, scratches and hair, to proof that this creature was most probably still exist. Apart from those, the existence of Javan tiger has influence on Javanese, Maduranese and Sundanese culture, in diverse local wisdom aspect. Here I present “a tiger based culture” according to those three tribes which live in isolated communities.
According to the oral tradition of the locals, said that the tiger was its ancestor. This was demonstrated by a heritage of knowledge so called kere macan, kantung macan and sangkal macan. These knowledge was generally held by the village elders, officials of kampong and pawang. In addition, the animal was also used as a source of mystical inspiration for art which reflected on folklore, puppets, reliefe of temple, keris, batik, sculpture, theatrical art and many other.
The tiger based culture within those tribes, in fact, has significant contribution to conservation of the magnificent creature. In terms of culture, these local knowledge have to be preserved, at least when the presence of tiger biologically in nature is still a major challenge to be found.
Javan tiger, Panthera tigris sondaica, local knowledge.